It\’s four in the afternoon, and practically dark outside. In a minute I\’ll go to the chicken house and turn on the light, something I do at this time of the year in the hopes of encouraging the girls to lay.
When they hear me coming they make their way clucking up the little ramp and into the shed, one by one. While they\’re settling in for the night I check the nests for eggs. On good days there are two–one brown speckled with maroon dots, one a barely-there pink–but often there are none.
It\’s not like this all the time. Last summer my eight hens averaged three or four eggs a day. But now the days are short, the weather is cold, and the hens are moulting, shedding their old feathers and growing new ones, a process which puts extra demands on their bodies and causes them to temporarily stop laying.
But the main reason that they lay so few eggs is that my hens are four years old. In chicken years, this means that they are perimenopausal. It does not, however, mean that they are near death. Chickens in stress-free environments, and my hens lead extremely serene and peaceful lives, can live a very long time.
During their non-productive years hens still consume–in addition to grass and bugs and garden waste in season–laying pellets ($16.99 a bag) and something called \”scratch\” ($6.99 a bag). In winter, when there is snow on the ground and they get bored staying in their shed all day, I buy them the occasional fresh cabbage or squash ($2 a pound) to peck at, and a kind of poultry cake with extra protein which costs $7.99. Hens do well in \”deep litter,\” a thick layer of hay that keeps them warm in winter and later becomes the compost that keeps my garden growing, so I buy five or six bales of mulch hay a year, at $2 a bale.
You can see where this is going, and I\’m not even counting the cost of building the shed, the gallons of barn-red paint to make it match the house, the electricity to keep their water from freezing or the gas for the endless trips to the feed store. I am not an accountant–accountants probably know better than to keep chickens–but even I can tell that every one of those eggs I bring into the house rivals in extravagance the eggs that Carl Faberge made to amuse the Czarina at Easter (one sold a few years ago for $18.5 million).
Serious egg producers do not waste resources on perimenopausal hens. Industrial egg farms slaughter their hens before their second birthday–a blessing for the birds, who are kept practically motionless in cages during their productive life.
I am hardly serious, or I would have gotten rid of my hens years ago. But I know that I cannot just keep adding new chickens to my flock year after year. I know that I cannot keep my eight hens forever.
I have it all figured out. In the spring I will go to the feed store and buy half a dozen day-old pullets (at $2.50 each), which I will keep in the basement under a heat lamp and check on and cluck over every couple of hours for weeks. The pullets will prosper under my watchful eye and begin to lay in the early fall. At that time, I will make an appointment with the \”chicken processor,\” and he will in less than half an hour transform my bright-eyed, friendly old hens into featherless, headless carcasses identical to the ones in the supermarket.
I will bring them home in the cooler and put them in the freezer, and for a while I won\’t want to think about them at all. But eventually I will take them out a couple at a time, put them in the big pot along with some carrots, celery and onions and turn them into fabulous, life-sustaining chicken stock. The meat, tasty but extremely tough, will go to the dogs. And another chicken cycle will have begun.
|(Guest illustration by my grandson, RFT)|
Ah yes, the reality of being an omnivore.
Even if one is vegetarian, but eats eggs and dairy, there are all those male offspring who must be sacrificed….
I used to joke (sort of) that if I had been (intended to be) a brood mare, I'd be dog food by now. So I have to say, I feel for your hens. (Though that said, I am having chicken for dinner.)
As a Veganish occasional visitor to your rural retreat, I respect your straightforward approach to the life cycle of your hens. From what you have described, they live a good life (and a long one compared to their domestic or wild cousins) and I doubt that there is a viable grandparent role for hens.
The best we can hope for, I think, is that those brood mares, dairy cows, veal calves, laying hens and meat chickens have the best possible lives until they are sacrificed.
Good thing we're not chickens, eh, John?
I am a bit of a perimenopausal hen myself lately.
Just turn the lights on in the evening and you'll be fine.
(From HCB) I admire your realistic attitude and actions, Lali! Although I was a biology major in college and learned all about life cycles, I seem to have become somewhat of a \”softie\” about these things. The intellect and the heart are at odds . . . . And yet, I've worked with my mother during the past 2 years to make preparations for her green burial on my cousin's farm . . .
I was a bio major too, but find myself softening alarmingly these days.A green burial–wow. They are allowed in Vermont…maybe I should investigate.